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pdf World Youth Report: YOUTH AND THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Popular

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World Youth Report: YOUTH AND THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

THEWorld Youth Report: Youth and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, prepared by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, examines the mutually supportive roles of the new agenda and current youth development efforts. The Department of Economic and Social Affairs provides an interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action. The United Nations World Youth Report, a biennial flagship publication, offers Member States and other stakeholders information and analysis to take stock of progress made in addressing youth issues, assess policy gaps and chart possible policy responses.

This Report provides insight into the role of young people in sustainable development in the context of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and related frameworks, in particular the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development and the World Programme of Action for Youth. The Report considers the role the 2030 Agenda can play in enhancing youth devel- opment efforts and examines how evidence-based youth policies can help accelerate youth-related objectives. In doing so, the Report explores the critical role young people have in the implementation of sustainable devel- opment efforts at all levels.

YOUTH AND THE 2030 AGENDA
FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: ADVANCING YOUTH DEVELOPMENT

Far from being mere beneficiaries of the 2030 Agenda, young people have been active architects in its develop- ment and continue to be engaged in the frameworks and processes that support its implementation, follow-up and review. The adoption of the 2030 Agenda represented the culmination of an extensive three-year process involving Member States and civil society, including youth organi- zations, in the development of specific goals and targets— and marked the beginning of a 15-year journey to achieve sustainable development by 2030.

Today, there are 1.2 billion young people aged 15 to 24 years, accounting for 16 per cent of the global pop- ulation.* The active engagement of youth in sustainable development efforts is central to achieving sustainable, inclusive and stable societies by the target date, and to averting the worst threats and challenges to sustainable development, including the impacts of climate change, unemployment, poverty, gender inequality, conflict, and migration.

While all the Sustainable Development Goals are critical to youth development, this Report focuses primarily on the areas of education and employment, underlining the realization of targets under these Goals as fundamental to overall youth development. Issues related to other Goals—including gender equality, good health, reducing inequality, combating poverty and hunger, and action on environmental issues and climate change—are also addressed briefly within the scope of the Report.

YOUTH EMPLOYMENT AND EDUCATION IN THE 2030 AGENDA

More than two years into the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, unacceptably high numbers of young people are still experiencing poor education and employment outcomes.

In education, 142 million youth of upper secondary age are out of school, and upper secondary enrolment rates average only 14 per cent in low-income countries. Moreover, almost 30 per cent of the poorest 12- to 14-year olds have never attended school, and many of the youth of the future are still unable to obtain an acceptable pri- mary education. In many regions, young women face particular challenges in terms of securing and completing an education. Disparities within and between countries in educational participation among youth are stark, with female gender, poverty, rurality, disability, and migrant/ refugee status all being major elements of disadvantage.

Inequalities in access are reinforced by discrimination and violence often directed towards these same groups.

Even though the global economy has started to recover, youth employment has worsened in recent years. There are presently 71 million young people unemployed, and many millions more are in precarious or informal work. ILO estimates that 156 million youth in low- and middle-income countries are living in poverty even though they are employed.

The challenges of securing and retaining decent work are even more serious and complex for vulnerable and marginalized youth including young women, those living in humanitarian settings, youth with disabilities, migrant youth, and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender youth. While entrepreneurship offers opportunities for some youth, a diverse and robust employment strategy must include options and opportunities for all young people in society.

At the level of global policy, finance and meas- urement are major issues that need to be addressed as part of worldwide youth development efforts. At the national level, policy and programmatic responses to the Sustainable Development Goals have been slow and should be accelerated. The Report includes case studies to highlight ways of building successful programmes that address the individual and socioeconomic contexts in which young people actually live, rather than simply repeating the skills-for-employability rhetoric which supposes that there are formal sector jobs available if only young people were not so unprepared. Equally, such programmes view entrepreneurship practically, as a part of livelihood strategy, rather than through an ideological lens. They believe young people can succeed in business but need support and face risks.

It is important to recognize that the human rights and flourishing of youth are about more than successful transitions to employment. Young people have aspira- tions that are far broader and that need to be valued and supported. Approaches that focus on prioritizing youth participation, respecting youth rights, and addressing youth aspirations are key. Rather than rating the success of programmes on narrow measures of educational or employment attainment, it is crucial that institutional, pro- gramme and policy evaluations be more firmly grounded

in young people’s own accounts of what they value for their human development and for the sustainable devel- opment of their communities and this shared planet.

In the context of the Sustainable Development Goals, specifically Goal 17, developed nations are pledg- ing to fully implement official development assistance (ODA) obligations, and many are committed to focusing that aid on countries most in need. In this regard, the 2030 Agenda requests donor countries to consider providing at least 0.20 per cent of gross national income (GNI) as ODA to least developed countries. On top of this, Goal 17 sets a number of targets related to technology transfer, investment and trade aimed at encouraging greater investment in developing countries in ways that promote sustainable development.

Beyond these broad commitments, the Addis Ababa Action Agenda provides for mechanisms to boost collab- oration between governments, civil society, the private sector, and other stakeholders in the areas of technology, infrastructure development and investment, and pov- erty alleviation. Importantly for the youth employment challenge, the Agenda specifically commits countries to promoting stable and affordable access to finance in support of small and medium-sized enterprises, which are essential for promoting job creation. For developed coun- tries, the Agenda provides important targets for increasing foreign aid.

YOUTH POLICIES AND EVIDENCE FOR THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

The World Youth Report looks at the role data and evidence play in the development and implementation of policies for achieving the Goals and targets set out in the 2030 Agenda. Evidence-based youth policies, tailored and adapted to national and (where possible) local con- texts, help ensure that youth development challenges are addressed. The Report highlights key elements that help ensure a youth policy is effective, including pro- viding political leadership and strategic vision; securing adequate budget and resource allocations; using timely and accurate data on the situation of young people; uti- lizing the knowledge, experience and expertise of young people in the design, implementation and evaluation of

the youth policy; mainstreaming and integrating youth policies across sectors; taking into account the linkages and impacts of policy objectives; and developing a trans- parent monitoring and accountability framework.

The Report also makes the case that relevant and timely data on how much and how well public financial resources have been utilized to achieve youth-related goals are essential for addressing gaps and improving the effectiveness of existing spending. There are impor- tant lessons to be learned from recent efforts to monitor spending in other cross-cutting areas such as gender, children and climate.

The Report further underlines the need to strengthen youth participation mechanisms to facilitate young peo- ple’s engagement in policies and activities that enhance sustainable development efforts. Particular attention should be given to increasing youth involvement in national sustainable development coordination councils, working with national youth councils, expanding the United Nations Youth Delegate Programme and other opportunities for youth representation, and ensuring that young people contribute to voluntary national reviews of progress on the Sustainable Development Goals.

One of the most serious impediments to effec- tively meeting youth development challenges under the 2030 Agenda is the lack of timely and accurate age- disaggregated data on the situation of youth. While 90 of the 232 indicators developed to measure implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals can be considered relevant to young people, efforts to collect data on these indicators reveal a widespread lack of age-disaggregated data. The statistical annex to the present Report details the available data and data gaps. Bridging the large gaps in data availability and addressing data inequalities between and within countries will require significant capacity-building, substantial financial investment, and innovative approaches to the collection, use and dissem- ination of accurate and timely data, especially in the least developed countries.

If appropriately leveraged, the data revolution and the emergence of new technologies can provide enor- mous opportunities to amass a significant amount of data on the situation of youth. Greater efforts to foster public-private partnerships between the Government,

the private sector, civil society and academia are critical in this context.

LOCALIZING THE 2030 AGENDA: THE ROLE OF YOUTH

While the international community will play an essential role in providing overall leadership by bringing stakehold- ers together, channelling international financial support, and providing technical assistance, real solutions to the economic and social challenges facing youth will begin and end at home. Governments should therefore support those youth initiatives and activities at the grass-roots and national levels that contribute to the realization of the 2030 Agenda.

Critical to the success of the 2030 Agenda are the role of young people in engaging with local and national government in delivering on policies and programmes on the ground; the role of public-private partnerships in driving the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, including financing and harnessing technology for data collection and utilization; and the role of youth participation in informing equitable and diverse policy design, imple- mentation, monitoring and evaluation.

CONCLUSION

The World Youth Report emphasizes that the Goals, tar- gets and instruments incorporated in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development offer increased opportu- nities to advance youth development objectives in the context of social, economic and environmental sustain- able development efforts. When coupled with existing efforts to advance youth policy development and imple- mentation, both through targeted youth policies and the mainstreaming of youth issues, the new development landscape offers innumerable opportunities for young people to thrive. However, for these efforts to be suc- cessful, much more is needed in terms of political com- mitment, financing, measurement, data collection, and targeted interventions in support of youth. In the areas of education and employment, large gaps remain in the input needed to realize the Goals and targets set out in Agenda 2030 and complementary frameworks.

Source: UN

pdf Synthesis Report of Voluntary National Reviews 2017 Popular

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17109Synthesis_Report_VNRs_2017.pdf

Executive Summary

The 2017 meeting of the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) took place from 10 to 19 July. A total of 43 countries presented voluntary national reviews, up from 22 countries that presented inaugural reviews at the 2016 HLPF. With this, more than a third of countries will have conducted a voluntary national review, sharing progress, experiences, lessons learned and challenges in implementing the 2030 Agenda. Looking ahead, at the 2018 HLPF, 48 countries will present their national reviews. Three of these will be conducting their second review at the HLPF (Colombia, Egypt, and Switzerland) and one country its third (Togo). This report synthesizes some of the findings of the VNRs, drawing from the written reports. As in the synthesis of the 2016 VNRs, the report uses a theme-based analysis drawn largely from the voluntary common guidelines contained in the Annex to the SecretaryGeneral’s report on critical milestones towards coherent, efficient and inclusive follow-up and review at the global level (A/70/684). This synthesis report examines the efforts of reporting countries to implement the 2030 Agenda, including challenges, gaps, achievements and lessons learned. The high quality of the national reports reflects the effort that the 2017 VNR countries have invested in the preparations for the HLPF. It is evident that countries have built on the solid foundations of the inaugural reports, while adding new and innovative elements.

pdf POLICY ON ETHNICITY AND HEALTH Popular

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29th PAN AMERICAN SANITARY CONFERENCE 69th SESSION OF THE REGIONAL COMMITTEE OF WHO FOR THE AMERICAS

POLICY ON ETHNICITY AND HEALTH

Introduction

  1. The Region of the Americas is a multi-ethnic multicultural region inhabited by indigenous peoples, Afro-descendants, Roma, and members of other ethnic groups, making it essential to recognize their different health situations and needs. These populations often endure multiple forms of discrimination and exclusion, resulting in significant inequities, including high levels of poverty and violence, and consequently, the denial of their individual rights and, for indigenous peoples, their collective rights.
  2. This policy is based on recognition of the differences that exist between different ethnic groups, both between countries and within them, and on the recognition of the differences in their challenges, needs, and respective historical contexts, as well as the need for an intercultural approach to health from the standpoint of equality and mutual respect, thereby contributing to better health outcomes and progress toward universal health. This requires recognition of the value of culture and the provision of guidelines that will help countries devise joint solutions and commit to developing policies that take the perspective of the various ethnic groups into account, considering gender, the life course perspective, promotion and respect for individual rights and, for indigenous peoples, collective rights.

pdf POLÍTICA SOBRE ETNICIDAD Y SALUD Popular

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29.a CONFERENCIA SANITARIA PANAMERICANA 69.a SESIÓN DEL COMITÉ REGIONAL DE LA OMS PARA LAS AMÉRICAS

POLÍTICA SOBRE ETNICIDAD Y SALUD

Introducción

  1. La Región de las Américas se caracteriza por ser multiétnica y multicultural. En ella coexisten los pueblos indígenas, los afrodescendientes, los romaníes y los miembros de otros grupos étnicos, lo cual implica reconocer diversas realidades y necesidades en el ámbito de la salud. Muchas veces estas poblaciones se enfrentan a múltiples formas de discriminación y de exclusión, lo que conlleva mayores inequidades, como niveles altos de pobreza y violencia y, consecuentemente, la negación de sus derechos individuales y, para los pueblos indígenas, sus derechos colectivos.
  2. Esta política se basa en el reconocimiento de las diferencias que existen entre los distintos grupos étnicos, tanto entre los países como dentro de ellos, así como en el reconocimiento de las diferencias en cuanto a sus retos, necesidades y respectivos contextos históricos, y de la necesidad de un enfoque intercultural de la salud desde un plano de igualdad y respeto mutuo que contribuya a mejorar los resultados en materia de salud y avanzar hacia la salud universal. Para ello, es necesario reconocer el valor de la cultura, y proveer lineamientos que sirvan a los países para crear soluciones conjuntas y para comprometerse a desarrollar políticas desde la perspectiva de los distintos grupos étnicos, considerando el enfoque de género, la perspectiva del curso de vida, la promoción y el respeto de los derechos individuales y, para los pueblos indígenas, los derechos colectivos.

pdf HLPF 2018 Theme and Goals (Espanol) Popular

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Meta 6: Garantizar la disponibilidad y la gestión sostenible del agua y del saneamiento para todos

Meta 7: Garantizar el acceso universal a la energía asequible, fiable, sostenible y moderna

Meta 11: Hacer que las ciudades y los asentamientos humanos sean inclusivos, seguros, resistentes y sostenibles

Meta 12: Garantizar patrones de producción y consumo sostenibles

Meta 15: Proteger, recuperar y promover el uso sostenible de ecosistemas terrestres, gestionar de manera sostenible los bosques, combatir la desertificación y detener y revertir la degradación de la tierra y ponerle fin a la pérdida de la biodiversidad

Meta 17: Fortalecer los medios de implementación y revitalización de la asociación mundial para el desarrollo sostenible

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HLPF 2018 Theme and Goals.pdf

Goal 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

pdf Repositioning the UN development system to deliver on the 2030 Agenda – Ensuring a Better Future for All: Report of the Secretary-General Popular

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sg-report-on-unds-qcpr-june-2017.pdf

Summary

The 2030 Agenda, with its pledge to leave no one behind, is our boldest agenda for humanity. It will require equally bold changes in the UN development system. The report offers the Secretary-General's vision on the repositioning of the UN development system to deliver on the 2030 Agenda, within the context of his overall reform agenda, with prevention as a cross-pillar priority. It also responds to the mandates contained in GA/RES/71/243 due by June 2017. The report is the product of extensive and inclusive consultations with the UN development system and Member States, and in-depth analysis of relevant studies and data on the system’s present functions and capacities to support the 2030 Agenda.

pdf Informe de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible 2017 Popular

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TheSustainableDevelopmentGoalsReport2017_Spanish.pdf

Al adoptar la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible, los líderes

del mundo resolvieron liberar a la humanidad de la pobreza, asegurar

un planeta sano para las generaciones futuras y construir sociedades

pacíficas e inclusivas como cimiento para garantizar vidas dignas para

todos.

Este recorrido colectivo tiene el cometido principal de no dejar a nadie

atrás. La Agenda 2030 es deliberadamente ambiciosa y trasformativa,

con un conjunto de 17 Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible integrados e

indivisibles, y metas que nos guíen. Es crucial que esta agenda universal

aplique para todos los países; incluso los más ricos todavía tienen

que garantizar plenamente los derechos de la mujer, conquistar las

desigualdades o salvaguardar el medio ambiente.

La implementación ha comenzado, pero el reloj está corriendo. Este

informe muestra que el ritmo del progreso en muchas áreas es mucho

más lento de lo necesario para alcanzar los objetivos para el 2030

pdf SG's Progress The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2017 Popular

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TheSustainableDevelopmentGoalsReport2017.pdf

The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2017 reviews progress made towards the 17 Goals in the second year of implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The report is based on the latest available data. It highlights both gains and challenges as the international community moves towards full realization of the ambitions and principles espoused in the 2030 Agenda.

pdf Draft ministerial declaration of the HLPF 2017 Popular

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Draft ministerial declaration of the HLPF 2017.pdf

United Nations Economic and Social Council

Distr.: Limited 14 July 2017

2017 session

28 July 2016-27 July 2017
Agenda item 5 (a)
High-level segment: ministerial meeting of the high-level political forum on sustainable development, convened under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council

High-level political forum on sustainable development. Convened under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council
10-19 July 2017
Agenda item 3*
Adoption of the ministerial declaration

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